When the same letters make more than one sound, or one sound can be made with more than one letter, you really know that English is Weird.
The letters C and G can make hard or soft sounds.
C is often hard before A, O & U. With the others, a soft C will do.
G is often hard before A, O & U. With the others, a soft G will often do.
(But this is not always true, which you know if you get a gift given to you!)
K takes i & e, C takes the other three.
When the K sound is heard at the end of a word:
A CK is often needed after a vowel that is short. The K needs help to make it work.
PLAY PRINTABLES Consonant Variations Soccer Sort Games include Hard and Soft C and G, and K or CK ending, available at the Super Tutor Tools store at Teachers Pay Teachers.
Sounds of S: letter S can also make more than one sound. S can say snake, probably everyone knows. It can also say /z/ when a nose smells a rose. Of course in the faces of horses the sound is /iz/. A free word sort game for the letter S is available at the Super Tutor Tools store at Teachers Pay Teachers.
The sound of /f/ can be spelled many ways indeed, more than three! In the following sentence, how many ways do you see? The dolphin swam fast by in the rough sea by the cliff. (f as in fast, ff as in cliff, ph as in dolphin, and gh as in rough.)
A ghost with a slight cough gave a great fright. GH can also be /g/ when you see a ghost all in white, or no sound at all when you see the light.
These guidelines may help you to figure out the many sounds you will discover all about.
Learn more about word sort games for the Phonics Pow Toolkit.