The letters C and G can make hard or soft sounds.
C is often hard /k/ before A, O & U. With the others, a soft C /s/ will do.
The words in the word families of -ace and -ice have the soft C sound. C before e will often soft be. These are Silent e words.
G is often hard before A, O & U. With the others, a soft G will often do.
(But this is not always true, which you know if you get a gift given to you!)
Words that end in -ge or -dge have the soft G sound of /j/. G before e will often soft be. Defender d can stop the vowel from being long in some Silent e words.
Sight words with:
- Hard c /k/: can, came, car, cut
- Soft c /s/: face, place, space, sentence
- Hard g: go, got, big, give
- Soft g /j/: large, page, change
Keyword sentence: I got a large change when I came to this place.
There are some words with short vowels that have a hard or soft c and g, but many more have advanced vowel patterns. Because of this, hard or soft c and g (IV.b) are introduced after learning about Defender d at the end of the Silent e section in the Phonics Pow Toolkit. (III.a) Download worksheets or the free anchor charts with word lists for hard or soft c and g at the Super Tutor Tools store at Teachers Pay Teachers. The Consonant Variations soccer sort game includes hard or soft c and g, plus the ending sound of /k/.
WATCH videos and PLAY games about hard or soft C and G at the Wakelet tutorial on Consonants that vary.